We are pleased to announce a lecture by
University of Gdańsk
Naciones Cautivas Europeas – a Case Study
in US Propaganda in Latin America, 1956-1965
The lecture is going to be a part of the
Western Hemispheric Lectures.
It is an OZN friendly event.
You can get 3 OZN points for participating.
February 20, 2020 at 4:00 p.m
American Studies Center, room 317
Dr hab. Anna Mazurkiewicz
is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of History at the University of Gdańsk (UG). Her main scholarly interests include the Cold War, United States after World War II, political activity of refugees from East Central Europe in the United States after World War II and the U.S. policy towards the countries of East Central Europe.
She has published three books: two related to the American response to elections in Poland (1947, 1989) and one on the role of the political exiles from East Central Europe in American Cold War politics (1948-1954). The next book will be on the Assembly of Captive European Nations (ACEN) in the context of American foreign policy during the Cold War (under contract, to be published 2020). Mazurkiewicz edited three volumes on migrations with special focus on transatlantic migrations, coercion in migration. In 2019 DeGruyter released a handbook “East Central European Migrations during the Cold War” also edited by her.
She is a graduate of UG (MA 1999; PhD 2006). She also studied at the California State University, Fresno (1997-1998), was APRF Fellow at the Notre Dame University (2002-2003), Kosciuszko Foundation Research Fellow at the IHRC at the University of Minnesota (2007-2008), Visegrad Fellow at the Central European University, Open Society Archives in Budapest (2010). She lectured in Germany, Slovenia and the US. As Kosciuszko Foundation Visiting Professor, she has taught multiple courses at State University of New York (Buffalo, 2012-2013) and Valdosta State University (2018). In 2017/18 as a recipient of the Fulbright Senior Award she conducted research at the Center for Russian, East European and Eurasian Studies at Stanford University.
What is more, prof. Anna Mazurkiewicz is a member of several Polish and foreign scholarly associations, the past President of the Polish American Historical Association (2017-2018), as well as the recipient of a number of awards including: the Oskar Halecki Prize (by PAHA) for two volumes she had edited: East Central Europe in Exile (2013), Miecislaus Haiman award for sustained contribution to the study of Polish Americans (2019) and most recently Willi Paul Adams Award for best foreign language book awarded by the Organization of American Historians (2019). She currently serves a Fulbright Program Ambassador in Gdańsk.
“The Free Europe Committee (FEC) is a privately managed, unattributed instrument of the United States Government, engaged in psychological and political warfare against Communism on both sides of the Iron Curtain” – wrote in 1961 its President – John Richardson. While FEC gave priority to informing and influencing East Europeans behind the Iron Curtain (most notably Radio Free Europe) it also devoted varying degrees of effort to brining the lessons of East Europe’s experience with Communism to peoples of the free world – particularly to those of developing nations and areas vulnerable to “toying with Communism.”
To advance its aims the FEC sponsored an umbrella organization of political exiles from nine East Central European countries called: Assembly of Captive European Nations (ACEN). It had at its disposal exile political and national networks worldwide both through post-World-War II diaspora as well as the East Central European ethnic communities. These connections enabled the exile assembly it to establish regional offices on six continents, including eleven in Latin America. The East Central European exiles were an excellent resource to explain what Communism meant in practice based on their personal experience. Their testimonies on methods of Communist subversion, false promises of economic and social advancement, political persecution and hardships of daily life under Communism were genuine. Production of propaganda advancing US goals south of Rio Grande was not the reason for ACEN’s engagement in Latin American countries, though. What did they do? With what intentions and what results? In her talk Mazurkiewicz will explain what was really at stake for the exiles involved in US-sponsored programs in Latin America. She will assess the gains and losses for the American propaganda built in cooperation with the exiles based on the “captive nations” concept.